First Signs of Art in Human History
In many forms, art is practiced by most human cultures. It can be regarded or considered as one of the defining characteristics of human species. Based on the recent paleo-archeological evidence, the first signs of art were created on the prehistoric Stone Age. It is divided into three areas such as Paleolithic, Mesolithic, and Neolithic. The first one covers the 98% of the period. It is also sub-divided into three categories such as Lower, Middle, and Upper.
Neolithic age was generated by Ice Age glaciation disappearance. It took place at various times across the world where the ice remained while the Mesolithic era lasted for long years.
What was the Earliest Kind of Prehistoric Art?
Known as the first and oldest type of prehistoric art, petroglyphs or cupules appeared around the globe during the Lower Paleolithic era. It was followed by rock engravings, pictographs, sculpture, relief sculpture, architecture, and ceramic pottery. At the end of the Upper Paleolithic, bronze, gold sculpture, and other metallurgical crafts were developed during Neolithic or Mesolithic.
Who created the first Stone Age Art?
From 300,000 to 1 million BCE, the earliest prehistoric artists Lived during the Lower Paleolithic period. Experts, researchers, or scientists believed that the people who created the first Stone Age art would have been descendants of Homo erectus. This is recognized as the first type of human that migrated from Africa. It has brain capacity from 800 to 1250 cubic centimeters. Homo sapiens like Neanderthals were the later Stone Age artists.
The Characteristics of the First Prehistoric Artworks
Cupules is a form that dominated the oldest Stone Age art. It is a term that was coined by Robert G. Bednarik, a famous archaeologist in 1993. It is used to describe small hemispherical holes that were pounded into vertical, flat, and sloping rock surfaces. It occurred in every continent except Antarctica during the Lower Paleolithic era.
The first prehistoric groups were created in groups. They were a truly ancient type of art whose cultural or aesthetic significance is never understood by archeologists and paleo-anthropologists. Generally, they were a universal public art that involved a great physical effort, especially on a hard rock.
The Time When Prehistoric Man Developed a Sense of Aesthetics
Asking what is really a true art in the development of modern type of behaviour has been debatable among paleontologists. During the Lower Paleolithic era, stone tools were developed and lasted in the Middle Paleolithic. Some experts believe that modern behavior appeared in the Upper Paleolithic. However, other scientists theorize that such behavior had originated in Africa, the birthplace of modern men.
To sum it up, the first signs of art or aesthetics were happened in the prehistoric Stone Age. The earliest artists were the descendants of Home erectus, which was followed by Home sapiens and Neanderthals. Whether you are inclined in art or not, discovering or exploring the history is important. In doing so, you will understand how art started in the past. Furthermore, you will gain lots of valuable insights.